Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Rheumatology is a branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases. It affects your joints tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles. It is a subspecialty in internal medicine and paediatrics, which is devoted to adequate diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases. It also investigates the stiffness, joint pain, and different issue of the joints, muscles, and tendons.

Orthopaedic is the part of a medical procedure worried about conditions including the musculoskeletal framework. Orthopaedists treat a wide assortment of musculoskeletal conditions. These conditions might be available from birth, or they might happen because of injury or age-related mileage. Muscular specialists utilize both careful and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal injury, spine illnesses, sports wounds, degenerative sicknesses, contaminations, cancers, and inherent issues. Muscular health currently focuses on patients, everything being equal, from new-borns with clubfeet, to youthful competitors requiring arthroscopic medical procedure, to more seasoned individuals with joint pain. The doctors who work in this space are called muscular specialists or orthopaedists. Muscular health is an expert in the field of joint and bone issues. Below are some of the most common conditions that an orthopaedist may treat:


  • joint pain from arthritis
  • bone fractures
  • soft tissue (muscle, tendon, and ligament) injuries
  • back pain
  • neck pain
  • shoulder pain and problems, such as bursitis
  • carpal tunnel syndrome

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones wears down over time.  A type of arthritis that occurs when flexible tissue at the ends of bones wears down. Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine. A joint is where two bones come together. The ends of these bones are covered with protective tissue called cartilage. With Osteoarthritis, this cartilage breaks down, causing the bones within the joint to rub together. This can cause pain, stiffness, and other symptoms.  It occurs most often in older people, although it can occur in adults of any age. OA is also called degenerative joint disease, degenerative arthritis, and wear-and-tear arthritis.

Osteoporosis is a condition that weakens bones, making them sensitive and further inclined to break. The word ‘osteoporosis’ means ‘porous bone.’ Osteoporosis means that you have less bone mass and strength. The disease often develops without any symptoms or pain, and it is usually not discovered until the weakened bones cause painful fractures. Most of these are fractures of the hip, wrist and spine. When osteoporosis occurs, the "holes" in the "sponge" grow larger and more numerous, which weakens the inside of the bone. It is sometimes called a silent disease, because usually, there are no symptoms of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis develops slowly, and a person may not know they have it until they experience a fracture or break after a minor incident, such as a fall. Even a cough or sneeze can cause a break in osteoporotic bones. Osteoporosis impacts more than three million individuals in the UK.

  • Primary osteoporosis. This is the most common type of osteoporosis and occurs more in women than men
  • Secondary osteoporosis
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta
  • Idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis

Arthritis is the enlarging and delicacy of at least one joint. The most widely recognized kinds of joint inflammation are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid joint pain. Osteoarthritis causes ligament — the hard, dangerous tissue that covers the finishes of bones where they structure a joint — to separate. Rheumatoid joint inflammation is an infection wherein the safe framework assaults the joints, starting with the coating of joints. A few types of joint pain, like rheumatoid joint pain and lupus (SLE), can influence different organs and cause broad indications. Joint inflammation is more normal among grown-ups matured 65 years or more established, yet it can influence individuals, all things considered, including youngsters.

  • Spondylo arthritis
  • Acute inflammatory arthritis
  • Inflammatory Arthritis
  • Septic Arthritis
  • Metabolic Arthritis
  • Infectious Arthritis

Spondyloarthritis is an umbrella term for incendiary infections that can influence the back, pelvis, neck and some bigger joints, just as inner organs, similar to the digestion tracts and eyes. The most well-known of these infections is ankylosing spondylitis. Spondyloarthritis is a sort of joint inflammation that assaults the spine and, in certain individuals, the joints of the arms and legs. It can likewise include the skin, digestion tracts and eyes. The principle indication (what you feel) in many patients is low back torment. This happens regularly in pivotal spondyloarthritis. Many individuals with hub spondyloarthritis progress to having some level of spinal combination, known as ankylosing spondylitis. This all the more regularly strikes youthful guys. The first is irritation causing torment and firmness, frequently of the spine. A few structures can influence the hands and feet or arms and legs. The subsequent kind is bone obliteration causing deformations of the spine and helpless capacity of the shoulders and hips. The most common is ankylosing spondylitis, which affects mainly the spine. Others include:

  • Axial spondyloarthritis, which affects mainly the spine and pelvic joints
  • Peripheral spondyloarthritis, affecting mostly the arms and legs
  • Reactive arthritis (formerly known as Reiter's syndrome)
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Enteropathic arthritis/spondylitis associated with inflammatory bowel diseases (ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease)

A type of joint inflammation portrayed by extreme torment, redness, and delicacy in joints. Gout is a typical and complex type of joint inflammation that can influence anybody. It's described by unexpected, serious assaults of torment, expanding, redness and delicacy in at least one joint, frequently in the enormous toe. Gout is a typical type of incendiary joint inflammation. It's because of a gem called uric corrosive. Here and there the body delivers an excess of uric corrosive. Or then again the kidneys can't work really hard taking care of it. At the point when the body has undeniable degrees of uric corrosive, or hyperuricemia, uric corrosive gems can pack in the joints. The sharp, needle-like gems cause gout. Be that as it may, many individuals with higher uric corrosive levels never get gout. Gout influences around 1 to 2% of the Western populace sooner or later in their lives.[8] It has become more normal in late many years.

Podiatry is a part of medication gave to the review, determination, and clinical and careful treatment of problems of the foot, lower leg, and lower limit. Podiatrists are clinical experts who assist with issues that influence your feet or lower legs. They can regard wounds just as confusions from progressing medical problems like diabetes. Podiatrists routinely treat these normal wounds when they influence a foot or lower leg. They likewise work in sports medication, treating foot issues competitors have and prescribing ways of staying away from them. This outcomes from irritation, enlarging, and mileage on your joints. Each foot has 33 joints. A podiatrist may suggest active recuperation, medications, or uncommon shoes or embeds to assist with your joint pain.

  • Reconstructive surgery
  • General podiatry
  • Podiatric medicine
  • Podiatric orthopedics
  • Podiatric sports medicine
  • High-risk wound care
  • Podiatric rheumatology
  • Neuropodiatry

Fibromyalgia is an issue described by broad musculoskeletal torment joined by exhaustion, rest, memory and mind-set issues. Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes torment all around the body rest issues, weakness, and frequently passionate and mental pain. Individuals with fibromyalgia might be more touchy to torment than individuals without fibromyalgia. This is called strange torment discernment handling. Fibromyalgia can influence individuals, all things considered, including youngsters. Nonetheless, the vast majority are analysed during middle age and you are bound to have fibromyalgia as you get more established. Far reaching muscle agony and joint torment alongside exhaustion and helpless rest are the characterizing side effects of fibromyalgia. The sickness influences individuals in an unexpected way. Anxiety or depression

  • Digestive problems, including diarrhea or constipation
  • Face or jaw pain (temporomandibular disorders)
  • Headaches or migraines
  • Memory problems
  • Tingling or numbness in hands or feet

Polyarthralgia is an ailment where agony happens in a few joints of the body. It can have a few basic causes, it is more normal in more established individuals, and ladies will in general foster it more as often as possible as men. Individuals with polyarthralgia may have transient, discontinuous, or determined torment in various joints. Polyarthralgia has a wide range of fundamental causes and potential medicines. Continue to peruse to more deeply study this condition. Polyarthralgia likewise shares a few similitudes with polymyalgia. The two conditions cause comparable degrees of agony. It's likewise conceivable to have the two conditions simultaneously. Polyarthralgia influences the joints, while polymyalgia influences the muscles around the joints. Symptoms can vary from mild to moderate, and may include:

  • Pain and tenderness in joints
  • Tingling or other unusual sensations
  • Burning feeling at the joint
  • Joint stiffness or difficulty moving your joints.

Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness, especially in the shoulders and hips. This condition is related to another inflammatory condition called giant cell arteritis. Giant cell arteritis can cause headaches, vision difficulties, jaw pain and scalp tenderness. It's possible to have both conditions together. Signs and symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica usually begin quickly and are worse in the morning. The signs and symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica usually occur on both sides of the body and might include:

  • Aches or pain in your shoulders
  • Aches or pain in your neck, upper arms, buttocks, hips or thighs
  • Stiffness in affected areas, particularly in the morning or after being inactive for a time
  • Limited range of motion in affected areas
  • Pain or stiffness in your wrists, elbows or knees

Sjogren's condition is an immune system issue. Your invulnerable framework erroneously assaults your body's own cells and tissues. Sjogren's (SHOW-smiles) condition is a problem of your invulnerable framework distinguished by its two most normal side effects — dry eyes and a dry mouth. The condition regularly goes with other insusceptible framework problems, like rheumatoid joint inflammation and lupus. In Sjogren's disorder, the mucous layers and dampness emitting organs of your eyes and mouth are generally influenced first — coming about in quite a while and salivation. A great many people are more established than 40 at the hour of finding. The condition is considerably more typical in ladies. Treatment centres around diminishing side effects. In Sjogren's condition, your resistant framework first focuses on the organs that make tears and salivation. But it can also damage other parts of your body, such as:

  • Joints
  • Thyroid
  • Kidneys
  • Liver
  • Lungs
  • Skin
  • Nerves

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an immune system infection. In this sickness, the resistant arrangement of the body erroneously assaults sound tissue. It can influence the skin, joints, kidneys, mind, and different organs. Fundamental lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the most well-known type of lupus — 70 % of individuals with lupus have it. SLE can cause aggravation of various organs or organ frameworks in the body, either intensely or constantly. SLE is a persistent illness that can have periods of deteriorating manifestations that other with times of gentle side effects. The vast majority with SLE can carry on with a typical existence with treatment severe fatigue.

  • joint pain
  • joint swelling
  • headaches
  • a rash on the cheeks and nose, which is called a “butterfly rash”
  • hair loss
  • anaemia
  • blood-clotting problems

Lyme illness is the most widely recognized vector-borne sickness in the United States. Lyme illness can influence one knee joint however once in a while causes issues in the two knees. Regular manifestations incorporate fever, cerebral pain, weariness, and a trademark skin rash called erythema migrans. Whenever left untreated, disease can spread to joints. Episodes of serious joint agony and expanding are particularly liable to influence your knees, yet the torment can move starting with one joint then onto the next. Individuals with Lyme sickness might respond to it in an unexpected way, and the side effects can differ in seriousness. These are some of the more common symptoms of Lyme disease:

  • a flat, circular rash that looks like a red oval or bull’s-eye anywhere on your body
  • fatigue
  • joint pain and swelling
  • muscle aches
  • headache
  • fever
  • swollen lymph node

Scleroderma is an immune system sickness influencing the skin and different organs of the body, implying that the body's safe framework is causing aggravation and different irregularities in these tissues. There is still no solution for scleroderma, yet compelling medicines for certain types of the illness are accessible. Scleroderma is a gathering of uncommon illnesses that include the solidifying and fixing of the skin and connective tissues. There are various kinds of scleroderma. In certain individuals, scleroderma influences just the skin. However, in many individuals, scleroderma likewise hurts structures past the skin, for example, veins, inward organs and the intestinal system. Scleroderma results from an overproduction and aggregation of collagen in body tissues. Collagen is a sinewy sort of protein that makes up your body's connective tissues, including your skin.

Rheumatoid Vasculitis (RV) is an uncommon entanglement of longstanding, extreme rheumatoid joint pain. The dynamic vasculitis related with rheumatoid infection happens in around 1% of this patient populace. Other normal extra-articular signs of rheumatoid joint pain, for example, aggravation in the sac encompassing the heart (pericarditis), irritation in the covering of the lungs (pleuritis), and interstitial lung sickness (bringing about fibrosis or scarring of the lungs). RV can influence an individual from any ethnic foundation, either sexual orientation, and from any age bunch. Nonetheless, as a rule, the average patient has long-standing rheumatoid joint pain with extreme joint disfigurements from the basic joint pain. The indications of RV can include a considerable lot of the body's distinctive organ frameworks, including however not restricted to the skin, fringe sensory system (nerves to the hands and feet) , corridors of the fingers and toes causing computerized ischemia, and eyes with scleritis.

  • Azathioprine
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Methotrexate
  • Rituximab
  • Steroids

Tendinitis is aggravation or disturbance of a ligament — the thick sinewy strings that connect muscle to bone. The condition causes torment and delicacy right external a joint. While tendinitis can happen in any of your ligaments, it's generally normal around your shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees and heels. Tendinitis can happen in practically any space of the body where a ligament associates an unresolved issue muscle. Tendinitis regularly is brought about by monotonous, minor effect on the influenced region, or from an unexpected, more genuine physical issue. One of the fundamental indications of tendinitis is torment at the site of the ligament and encompassing region. Torment might be a progressive development or unexpected and extreme, particularly if calcium stores are available. Tendinosis has comparable indications, yet it is a constant, or long haul, condition, and it is degenerative.

  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Supraspinatus tendinitis
  • Tennis or golfer’s elbow
  • De Quervain’s stenosing tenosynovitis
  • Trigger finger or thumb
  • Tendinitis of the wrist

Bursitis is an agonizing condition that influences the little, liquid filled sacs — called bursae — that pad the bones, ligaments and muscles close to your joints. Bursitis happens when bursae become kindled. The most widely recognized areas for bursitis are in the shoulder, elbow and hip. They're loaded up with liquid that facilitates scouring and erosion between tissues like bones, muscles, ligaments, and skin. In case there's an issue with the design of a bone or joint, (for example, legs that are various lengths or joint inflammation in a joint), that can put more weight on a bursa, causing bursitis. Responses to drugs and stress or aggravation from different conditions, like rheumatoid joint inflammation, gout, psoriatic joint pain, or thyroid problems, may likewise raise your danger.

Spinal wounds and sicknesses are among the most complicated illnesses experienced in clinical practice. Back torment is positioned second just to migraines as the most continuous reason for torment among Americans. Up to 80 percent of the populace encounters an episode of back torment eventually in their lives. Spine issue differ contingent upon the area and kind of the spine condition. It isn't phenomenal for an extreme spine issue to mess up different pieces of the body. Neurosurgeons were among the principal specialists to work on the spine, and their experience has brought about the development of spinal medical procedure.

Hip torment and knee torment is regularly brought about by an over-use injury from a dreary movement. Shockingly, even a less exhausting movement like cultivating can cause an aggravation in the knee or hip agony. Other normal causes incorporate osteoarthritis, bursitis, or a physical issue or fall. Hips are solid and steady when sound; nonetheless, harm and certain conditions, similar to osteoarthritis and osteoporosis, both customary in more settled adults, may impact the sufficiency of the hips. For contenders, playing sports, running, falling, overpowering effect and misuse can incite hip strains, hip pointers, hip bursitis, and something many allude to as Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). The knee is the greatest joint in the body, and a champion among the most easily hurt. Your knee is a confounding joint with various sections, making it vulnerable against a collection of wounds.

It is a part of medication that arrangements with actual wellness and the treatment and avoidance of wounds identified with sports and medication. It is a space of clinical practice which is worried about the treatment of wounds coming about because of athletic exercises. This may incorporate precaution measures like molding and injury anticipation, just as medicines, for example, osteopathic control, restoration or infusions. Sports medication doctors frequently treat competitors with back torment because of strain and injury put on the back from different games including bicycling, weight lifting, running and golf. The greater part of the game medication medical care suppliers are affirmed with inward medication, crisis medication, family medication and other forte.

Youngsters who had been mentally mishandled experienced uneasiness, wretchedness, low confidence, manifestations of post-horrendous pressure and suicidality at a similar rate and, now and again, at a more noteworthy rate than kids who were truly or physically manhandled. Mental injury is more hard to recognize than actual injury and happens when somebody encounters significant mental pain after a horrendous occasion. It can show in an assortment of ways, including survivor's culpability, outrage, pity, nervousness, rest unsettling influences, and actual torment. This sort of injury can tremendously affect an individual's capacity to work in regular daily existence. Complex injury is youth openness to various horrible occurrences over the long haul and the drawn out impacts of that openness. Models incorporate disregard or misuse. Complex injury causes broad harm. Kids regularly have critical formative issues and can't shape secure connections as their guardians are frequently the wellspring of the injury.

Crisis and Trauma Care Technician gives quick consideration to the harmed and effective consideration in unintentional cases. These professionals are bestowed information on illness measures, bedside techniques and specialized abilities to deal with basic/crisis/horrendous cases. An injury care framework comprises of three significant suppliers—prehospital, intense consideration, and recovery—that, when firmly incorporated, guarantee a continuum of care. For general depictions of prehospital, intense, and rehabilitative consideration. Wounds are treated by the actual patients, an overall specialist or the mishap and crisis division. Right treatment of wounds, for example, head and neck injury and sufficient subsequent consideration is essential to restrict torment and forestall unfriendly outcomes. An injury care frameworks should be set up by each emergency clinic getting patients with significant injury.